ADVANTAGES OF CHESS
he results of many studies demonstrate that chess, in addition to positively influencing multiple cognitive capacities development, also exerts a great influence in other important aspects which have direct implications in personality, and as a consequence, in social development:
Promotes respect for the way of thinking, reasoning and drawing up adversary plans
Improves the player’s self-esteem
Fosters empathy for the partner by continually trying to predict what he’ll do, putting himself in his place.
The chess player personality and some of the essential characteristics, such as temperance, firmness, the level of risk aversion, the speculative attitude, the perseverance, among many others, reveals and manifest in any chess game, and can be worked through chess.
Chess practice does not require large economic resources or special circumstances, so players from different cultures, social classes and context can compete on equal terms.
CHESS AS A SOCIAL TOOL
he game allows for students of dissimilar backgrounds to integrate with others. Many disadvantaged or special education students are becoming actively involved in chess programs as the value of chess as a social tool is further explored. Chess steers youth away from trouble, by keeping them off the streets as well as being a useful learning tool.
In chess tournaments the child gets the opportunity of seeing more variety and diversity. There are kids who have more money than they have, but chess is a common denominator. They are all equal on the chessboard.
Jerome Fishman, Guidance Counselor, Queens, NY says:
“I like the aspect of socialization. You get into a friendly, competitive activity where no one gets hurt. Instead of two bodies slamming into each other like football, you have the meeting of two minds. Aside from developing cognitive skills, chess develops their social skills. It makes them feel they belong. Whenever we get a child transferred from another school who may have maladaptive behavior, we suggest chess as a way of helping him find his niche. The kids become better friends when after the game they analyze possible combinations … we have kids literally lining up in front of the school at 6:45am to get a little chess in before class.”