ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type, and it is the most frequent diagnosis in children. It is usually diagnosed and treated in children around 7 years old, even though in some cases it can be diagnosed earlier.

People with ADHD manifest a persistent pattern of inattention (inability to focus) and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity (excessive physical activity not suitable to the time or environment) sudden, careless, and abrupt acts that occur without thought and interferes with functioning or development.


There are three types of ADHD diagnosis, subject to the following core symptoms:

  • Predominantly inattentive type.
  • Predominantly hyperactive/ impulsive type.
  • Combined presentation (most common).

Even though this disorder is often diagnosed at an early age, it can also be found in adults and elders. The symptoms usually improve with age, but many adults who were diagnosed at a young age continue to experience difficulties.

Types of ADHD


Causes of ADHD

The exact cause of Inattention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is not fully understood, although a combination of factors such as genetics and heritability (found in 16% of cases) are thought to be responsible. Research shows that parents and siblings of a child with ADHD are more likely to have ADHD themselves.

Other studies suggest that people with ADHD show differences in certain brain areas, particularly the activity generated by neurotransmitters. Finally, some groups can be affected by environmental factors that put them at a risk for this disorder such as premature babies, born with brain damage, epilepsy, or due to consumption of alcohol or tobacco during pregnancy.


  • Chess helps develop memory and encourages the development of thinking skills, analysis, logical thinking, scientific thinking, problem solving and visual thinking or “visualization”.
  • Chess helps develop focus, concentration and increased attention span.
  • Chess helps improve scholastic performance, homework, tests, written assignments, reading. The fact that chess is also “fun” to play helps this process.
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