PREVALENCE AND CAUSES OF ADHD

In the past, it was considered that ADHD was more prevalent in males than females, but this theory has lost strength as time goes by.

Nowadays, it shows similar prevalence in both genders. Although males may appear to have a dominant position in hyperactive/impulsive presentation, women emerge in an inattentive presentation.

CAUSES OF ADHD

  • ADHD is traditionally thought to be an exclusive disorder for children and teenagers, but reality proves otherwise. Symptoms remain in adulthood and other psychopathologic manifestations may appear depending on the person´s development.

  • ADHD is the consequence of genetic and brain factors, and it is not produced by “poor parenting”, as it has been said in past years. Therefore, this does not mean that early childhood education and care, plus the family´s influence are not important.

    As a matter of fact, they are fundamental at the time of modulating the symptoms expression and when establishing a treatment plan.

We now know that ADHD child’s brain presents certain differences in its operation, noted primarily in the prefrontal cortex, which is the brain region responsible for organizing and regulating attention and behavior.

Origin of ADHD

Other brain regions are involved, especially those that are regulated by dopamine or noradrenaline, which in turn are the two neurotransmitters that have been related with ADHD.

WHY CHESS ?

  • Chess develops and strengthens the ability to perform under “time pressure”. Lowering of “test anxiety”.
  • Chess helps develop imagination and creativity and helps to increase foresight and visualization.
  • Chess helps build character and self-esteem! … Healthy self-esteem comes from knowing that you can do hard things, because you really have done them.
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