CAUSES OF ADHD
ADHD is traditionally thought to be an exclusive disorder for children and teenagers, but reality proves otherwise. Symptoms remain in adulthood and other psychopathologic manifestations may appear depending on the person´s development.
ADHD is the consequence of genetic and brain factors, and it is not produced by “poor parenting”, as it has been said in past years. Therefore, this does not mean that early childhood education and care, plus the family´s influence are not important.
As a matter of fact, they are fundamental at the time of modulating the symptoms expression and when establishing a treatment plan.
We now know that ADHD child’s brain presents certain differences in its operation, noted primarily in the prefrontal cortex, which is the brain region responsible for organizing and regulating attention and behavior.
Other brain regions are involved, especially those that are regulated by dopamine or noradrenaline, which in turn are the two neurotransmitters that have been related with ADHD.